Cold hardy to USDA zone 3, silver maple is a deciduous tree that can reach 65 feet tall and 50 feet wide. It can get up to 70 to 100 feet tall, and it has light-green needles that turn yellow before falling. It is an easy and fast-growing tree with good fall color. Arborvitae are hardy up to USDA growing zone 3. When planting on clay it’s best to plant on a slope and take care to improve the soil when planting. A single spruce can be used as a focal point, like at the corner of the house or garage. Cup Plant. A single spruce can be used as a focal point, like at the corner of the house or garage. Hackberry is a tough shade tree that grows in a wide range of soils. Arborvitae The arborvitae class of plants is made up of a few different varieties of tall, pyramid-shaped trees or shrubs with needles and cones, any of which will grow tall and strong in clay. The soil in our yard is orange clay. Flowering crab apple trees grow up 25 feet tall. One of the best trees to grow on rocky soil is fir. Most clay soils are compact which holds water and prevents roots and worms from burrowing. Pink or white blooms display in the spring and will be followed by fruit less than 2 inches in diameter. Plant an American basswood tree in full sun or partial shade. Trees planted in clay soil need to withstand drying out between rains and being oversaturated during a storm. The acorn produced by the bur oak tree has a fringed top. Spruce varieties like Norway, White and Colorado can grow up to 60 feet tall and 20 feet wide, and are cold hardy to USDA zone 2. Black ash prefers moist soil. Growing plants, shrubs and trees in clay soil can be a bit tricky. While the plants listed prefer or tolerate clay conditions, it’s always good to amend the soil with compost on a routine basis to provide nutrients for the plants. The worst part of clay soil is digging in it. Water will drain quickly in sandy soil, which means nutrients will pass through the soil faster. Fir Trees. Check the soil moisture regularly. USDA cold hardy to zone 3. Start small. Tough hawthorns are deciduous trees or shrubs, and a good choice for clay soils. Golden willow has long hanging limbs that are yellow on new growth and turn brown with age. Water does not move well through clay soil, causing the ground to become soggy when it rains. Growing plants, shrubs and trees in clay soil can be a bit tricky. These leaves will turn red or yellow during the fall. Propagate via seeds in fall, hardwood cuttings in summer or softwood cuttings in spring. Bur oak is USDA cold-hardy to zone 2. Chinese elm (Ulmus parvifolia) is from the Ulmaceae family. It is a fragrant tree that gets 60 to 80 feet tall but can reach 100 feet. Propagate via seed or by grafting. The needles of the spruce evergreen tree can be up to 1 inch long. Daylily is one of the delicate flowering plants that can grow in clay soil very easily and give … Clay is also alkaline, with a pH that’s too high for citrus trees. This deciduous tree can reach a height of 50 feet and width of 30 feet. The trees can withstand poor soil conditions and need little water. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! 10 trees and shrubs for clay soil. Clay soil also compacts easily, making it difficult for tree roots to penetrate and grow. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Flowers are not showy but fragrant and in clusters. The acorn produced by the bur oak tree has a fringed top. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Spruce can be planted in a row to create a windbreak and privacy screen. It can grow to 150 feet tall, though usually only to 80 feet. Its wood is good for firewood. The tree can reach a height of 70 feet and width of 60 feet. Note: These will grow in clay soil, but some do best in a part-sun spot. Also called blue false indigo for its blue springtime flowers, baptisia is a native prairie plant with deep roots that push through the toughest clay soil. It is a producer of the hickory nut. Valued as landscape trees as well as for their lumber, ponderosa pines are hardy and adaptable, and will grow in a wide range of soil types and conditions, including clay. I've got 5 peach trees, all doing fantastic and our native soil is brick material. Propagate via seeds or by cuttings. Its lupine-like flowers turn into blackened seed pods which are often used in dried flower arrangements. Locate these a few feet above your clay ground for a planting alternative. After about three years in the ground, Bur oak can grow 1 to 2 feet a year, making it a good choice if you want a fast growing tree. After about three years in the ground, Bur oak can grow 1 to 2 feet a year, making it a good choice if you want a fast growing tree. Black ash is cold hardy to USDA zone 3. Plant an American basswood tree in full sun or partial shade. Growing plants, shrubs and trees in clay soil can be a bit tricky. For a plant, this means it will have to work harder for its roots to grow through the soil, compaction in the soil will exclude air from the roots, and waterlogging can cause the roots to rot and kill the plant. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, University of Minnesota Extension: Trees Well-Suited to Clay Soil. Peaches and citrus– Free draining spots needed. Should we replace some of the clay with healthy soil? This early spring display would then be joined with late spring to early summer blooming Indian Pink, Daylilies, Butterfly Bush, Helenium, and Echinacea. Moist • Norway (red) pine • … Sandy soil has the largest particles of all the different types of soil. Fruit trees like apple and pear will also grow well in clay, but soft fruit bushes may struggle. You can grow for height: Birch, Eucalyptus All Rights Reserved. Clay Soil They're also often high in nutrients and if the structure can be improved, make some of the best growing conditions for plants. Plant a European larch in full sunlight or partial shade in moist, well-drained soil. Clay soil holds moisture well enough, so you will be a little easier to maintain it. American basswood (Tilia Americana) is from the Tiliaceae, or linden, family. The sap of the silver maple can be used to make maple syrup; it can also be dried and used in fireplaces. Peach trees grow great on heavy clay soil. River birch ( Betula nigra) is part of the Betulaceae family. Question: I just read an article about planting trees.We will be planting a fruit tree soon. Bean plants (Phaseolus vulgaris) aren't picky when it comes to their growing conditions and thrive in clay soil, especially when it was amended with aged compost.The key to growing various kinds of bean plants in clay soil successfully is temperature.Beans need warm soil. Prune in late winter to maintain shape and size. It is a fast-growing tree that reaches 40 to 50 feet tall, with 2-inch-long toothed and veined leaves. Dig in as much organic material as you can - sugar cane mulch, mushroom compost, your own homemade compost - and mulch it well. Finding trees to grow in heavy or clay soil can be tricky; it can bake hard in summer and drain poorly in winter. It has good natural form and interesting warty bark. The growing zones and conditions listed are general. Loamy (Medium) Clayey (Fine) At least one-third clay . River birch ( Betula nigra) is part of the Betulaceae family. Grafted Citrus trees do better on clay soils than cutting grown trees, and those on a full-size rootstock tend to do better than those on dwarf. These leaves will turn red or yellow during the fall. Their glossy-green hue turns yellow in fall. T.M. We’ve selected some of the best trees to grow in clay, although we still recommend improving clay soil prior by working in some organic matter. Crataegus laevigata ‘Paul’s Scarlet’ is a small tree that has pretty magenta blossom in springtime. Some trees are native to clay soils, making them better performers. Trees that grow well in clay soil include the white pine, Norway spruce, white cedar, red maples, poplar, European larch and white ash. This coniferous evergreen grows all year … Propagate via seed in the fall, graft onto seedlings or use greenwood tip cuttings. Cold hardy to USDA zone 3, silver maple is a deciduous tree that can reach 65 feet tall and 50 feet wide. Its weight makes planting an exhausting task, … Read these sources for more info on amending, improving and working with clay soil: 10 Best Vegetables For Clay Soil (empressofdirt.net) Growing Vegetables In Clay Soil (growveg.com.au) Growing Fruits Trees In Clay Soils (kings.co.nz) The Best Plants For Clay Soil (daviddomoney.com) Small Trees & Shrubs For Heavy & Clay Soils (gardenersworld.com) It is a Missouri native and typically grows 40-60'. Malus (crab apple) Crab apples are superb all round plants for clay soil. Raskauskas is active in the small business she and her husband have owned since 2000 and is a former MS Office instructor. Other selections extend baptisia's color range to white, yellow, and purple. The key is to find the best cultivars for clay soil's conditions. Malus × robusta ‘Red Sentinel’ AGM Watering hydrangeas in clay soil. Black ash can grow in partial sun. Silver maple (Acer saccharinum) is part of the Aceraceae family. sand. Read our guide to improving clay soil and our guide to planting a tree. Plant a shagbark hickory in full sun, although it can tolerant some shade. A crab apple in full bloom is … Soil Moisture Condition Soil Texture . E = evergreen; N = native to Maine Trees: Acer saccharinum N Silver Maple Betula nigra River Birch Carya ovata N Shagbark Hickory Crataegus species (some N) Hawthorn Fraxinus pennsylvanica N Green Ash Gleditsia triacanthos Honeylocust Juglans cinerea N Butternut Larix decidua European Larch Larix laricina N Tamarack Malus cultivars Crabapple Populus species (some N) […] Plant a shagbark hickory in full sun, although it can tolerant some shade. To get a full season of color in your clay soil garden, plant flowers with a range of bloom times! Clay Tolerant Shade Plants. The tree can reach a height and width of 55 feet and goes well in the landscape near a pond or stream. Plant a silver maple tree in full sun or partial shade in moist, well-drained soil. Mulch, mulch, mulch, mulch, mulch.Wood chips. It will get to 60 to 80 feet tall with deciduous pale green leaves that are silver underneath. The peculiarity of clay is that in the absence of rain, the top layer of soil … Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Samuels studied pre-medicine at Berry College. When planting a tree in clay soil, dig the hole about 2 inches shallower than the rootball to account for soil compaction so the top of the rootball will remain close to ground level. Daylily. It feels dry and gritty. Water does not move well through clay soil, causing the ground to become soggy when it rains. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, University of Minnesota Department of Horticultural Science Trees for Clay Soil. For the very best bark colour, remove shoots close to the ground in spring to encourage the formation of new shoots for next winter's display. Her Internet writing appears on SASS Magazine, AT&T and various other websites. Some trees are native to clay soils, making them better performers. At least it used to be brick hard, but after years of mulching with wood chips, its amazing. Shade-loving shrubs will appreciate the canopy of the silver maple. River birch is a fast-growing tree that reaches 50 to 70 feet tall. Barbara Raskauskas's favorite pursuits are home improvement, landscape design, organic gardening and blogging. Blazing Star (Liatris spicata) Blazing star plants have grassy foliage and spiky bottle-brush flowers … Reasons to grow: Of all the plants for clay soil, this one is the most spectacular in winter with its almost glowing, bright red bark.It also has a good red autumn leaf colour. Plant early spring bloomers, such as Bearded Irises, Hepatica, and Creeping Phlox. She has published works in "Arthritis Today," "Alabama Living" and "Mature Years," and is the author of a gardening book. Leaves are shaped like a diamond and grow to 3 inches long. Plant a river birch tree in full sun to partial shade in moist, acidic soils. Wet • Black willow • Cottonwood • Tamarack • Black willow • Cottonwood • Black ash • White cedar • Balsam fir • Black willow • Cottonwood . spruce image by mzolna from Fotolia.com Water does not move well through clay soil, causing the ground to become soggy when it rains. Plant a silver maple tree in full sun or partial shade in moist, well-drained soil. It tolerates damper conditions than beech, but it also needs warmth and shelter to thrive. Propagate via seedlings. Propagate via seeds or by cuttings. All Rights Reserved. Shagbark hickory (Carya ovata) is from the Juglandaceae, or walnut, family. They have a natural range that covers large portions of the western United States, where they can reach heights up to 150 feet. European larch (Larix decidua) is from the Pinaceae, or pine, family. Holly trees will grow on all soils and provide a great solution for a shady area. Leaves are 4 to 8 inches long. Propagate via seed or by grafting. Plant crab apples in the landscape, away from sidewalks or driveways, to avoid messy and potentially slippery areas caused by falling fruit. If you want to try some part shade or full shade plants in clay soil, the following plants may offer the best performance. Therefore, it is important when choosing plants for clay soils, that they are chosen from species which grow naturally in clay soils. Hornbeam (Carpinus betulus) This beech-like deciduous plant can be used as a hedge, or it can be pleached. Clay soil also compacts easily, making it difficult for tree roots to penetrate and grow. Trees for clay soil Many native British trees are suited to clay soils, including oak, ash and elder. This generalized list is a starting point for finding plants for your clay soil garden. For more advice on planning your orchard click here Plant a Chinese elm in any soil in full sun to partial shade with regular watering. In the first year after planting, you need to be careful and timely water the hydrangea. It produces brown cones. These leaves will turn red or yellow during the fall. Look no further than the Cup Plant! Like butterflys? Sandy (Coarse) At least two-thirds. The fruit of this deciduous tree is edible. Fruits are attractive to a … Samuels has been a freelance writer since 1993. Golden willow is USDA cold hardy to zone 2. Small trees that grow in clay soil and produce showy flowers include some Nerium oleanders. European larch (Larix decidua) is from the Pinaceae, or pine, family. Clay soil isn’t a good growing medium for citrus trees due to the high density and pH of the soil. This sunflower-like perennial grows 5 … : I just read an article about planting trees.We will be planting fruit. A fruit tree soon, though usually only to 80 feet tall, though only. Fall color Pinaceae, or pine, family in it plants, shrubs and trees in soil! 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